Mathematics research in India today: what does the literature reveal?

S. Arunachalam

Scientometrics, Vol. 52, No. 2 (2001) 235–259

Mathematics research in India, as reflected by papers indexed in Mathsci 1988-1998, is quantified and mapped. Statistics, quantum theory and general topology are the three subfields contributing the most to India’s output in mathematics research, followed by special functions, economics and operations research, and relativity and gravitational theOlY. Indian Statistical Institute and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research are the two leading publishers of research papers. Unlike in many other fields, Calcutta publishes the largest number of papers in mathematics, followed by Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai and Bangalore. West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh. Maharashtra. Tamil Nadu and Delhi are the leading states. Researchers from 257 institutions spread over 134 cities/towns have published 17,308 papers in the II years. About 92% of these papers have appeared in 877 journals published from 62 countries. Journals published in the USA, UK and the Netherlands are popular with Indian mathematicians. Of the 36 journals that have published at least a hundred papers, 20 are Indian journals of which only two are indexed in Joumal Citatioll Report,v. In all, about 38.5% of papers have been published in Indian journals, as against about 70% in agriculture, 55% in life sciences, 33.5% in medicine and 20% in physics. In the later years, there has been a moderate shift to non-Indian journals. Close to 78% of papers have come from universities and colleges and 13% from the institutions under science related departments. Almost all papers in high impact journals are physics related and most of them have come from institutions under the Department of Atomic Energy. Over 15% of the 9760 papers published during 1993-1998 are internationally coauthored. In all of science, as seen from Science Citatiol1/lldex, 14% of Indian papers were internationally coauthored in 1991 and 17.6% in 1998. The USA, Canada, and Gennany are the important collaborating nations, followed by France, Italy, Japan and the UK.


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